Planning using the Project Planning Matrix (PPM) - Example: Electrification of water wells in costal districts
Access to water for irrigation has been an important resource that has helped the farmers to substantially increase their production and thus their incomes. In the past 20 years the agricultural area under irrigation has more than doubled. Ground water extraction for irrigation purposes in the area has mainly been done through the use of diesel pumps at individual wells.
This small-scale irrigation approach has led to a huge waste of resources and has also led to a lot of pollution (i.e. seepage of oil and diesel into the soil and groundwater) in the area and in many cases also over-extraction from the wells. The high investment and running costs of individually owned diesel pumps has meant that the profits and thus incomes of the farmers have been diminished over the years.
The planning team undertook the following main steps: